The HIV-1 Nef Protein Interacts with two components of the 40S small ribosomal subunit, the RPS10 protein and the 18S rRNA.

Abstract : UNLABELLED: ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Nef-encoded protein plays key functions at almost all stages of the viral life cycle, but its role in translation is largely unknown. METHODS: To determine the effect of Nef on translation we used an in vitro translation assay. The detection of Nef/RPS10 complexes and the presence of 18S rRNA and tRNAs in the complexes were performed by coimmunoprecipitation and RT-PCR assay. RESULTS: We observed that the HIV-1 Nef protein specifically impaired translation in vitro. We observed the interaction of Nef with RPS10 by coimmunoprecipitation assay. In addition 18S rRNA and tRNAs were present in the Nef/RPS10 complexes. CONCLUSIONS: Our results are consistent with a model in which the Nef protein by binding to two components of the 40S small ribosomal subunit, RPS10 and 18S rRNA, and to a lesser extent to tRNAs, could lead to decreased protein synthesis.
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Virology Journal, BioMed Central, 2012, 9 (1), pp.103. 〈10.1186/1743-422X-9-103〉
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Wasim Abbas, Isabelle Dichamp, Georges Herbein. The HIV-1 Nef Protein Interacts with two components of the 40S small ribosomal subunit, the RPS10 protein and the 18S rRNA.. Virology Journal, BioMed Central, 2012, 9 (1), pp.103. 〈10.1186/1743-422X-9-103〉. 〈inserm-00716603〉

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