Caenorhabditis elegans: a model to monitor bacterial air quality.

Abstract : ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Low environmental air quality is a significant cause of mortality and morbidity and this question is now emerging as a main concern of governmental authorities. Airborne pollution results from the combination of chemicals, fine particles, and micro-organisms quantitatively or qualitatively dangerous for health or for the environment. Increasing regulations and limitations for outdoor air quality have been decreed in regards of chemicals and particles contrary to micro-organisms. Indeed, pertinent and reliable tests to evaluate this biohazard are scarce. In this work, our purpose was to evaluate the Caenorhaditis elegans killing test, a model considered as an equivalent to the mouse acute toxicity test in pharmaceutical industry, to monitor air bacterial quality. FINDINGS: The present study investigates the bacterial population in dust clouds generated during crop ship loading in harbor installations (Rouen harbor, Normandy, France). With a biocollector, airborne bacteria were impacted onto the surface of agar medium. After incubation, a copy of the colonies on a fresh agar medium was done using a velvet. All the replicated colonies were pooled creating the "Total Air Sample". Meanwhile, each colony on the original plate was isolated. Five individual representatives bacterial strains were chosen and their virulence was compared to that of the "Total Air Sample" using the Caenorhaditis elegans killing test. The survival kinetic of nematodes feed with the "Total Air Sample" is consistent with the kinetics obtained using the five different representatives strains. CONCLUSIONS: Bacterial air quality can now be monitored in a one shot test using the Caenorhaditis elegans killing test.
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BMC Research Notes, BioMed Central, 2011, 4 (1), pp.503. 〈10.1186/1756-0500-4-503〉
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Cécile Duclairoir Poc, Anne Groboillot, Olivier Lesouhaitier, Jean-Paul Morin, Nicole Orange, et al.. Caenorhabditis elegans: a model to monitor bacterial air quality.. BMC Research Notes, BioMed Central, 2011, 4 (1), pp.503. 〈10.1186/1756-0500-4-503〉. 〈inserm-00670157〉

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