A Single Bivalent Efficiently Inhibits Cyclin B1 Degradation and Polar Body Extrusion in Mouse Oocytes Indicating Robust SAC during Female Meiosis I.

Abstract : The Spindle Assembly Checkpoint (SAC) inhibits anaphase until microtubule-to-kinetochore attachments are formed, thus securing correct chromosome separation and preventing aneuploidy. Whereas in mitosis even a single unattached chromosome keeps the SAC active, the high incidence of aneuploidy related to maternal meiotic errors raises a concern about the lower efficiency of SAC in oocytes. Recently it was suggested that in mouse oocytes, contrary to somatic cells, not a single chromosome but a critical mass of chromosomes triggers efficient SAC pointing to the necessity of evaluating the robustness of SAC in oocytes. Two types of errors in chromosome segregation upon meiosis I related to SAC were envisaged: (1) SAC escape, when kinetochores emit SAC-activating signal unable to stop anaphase I; and (2) SAC deceive, when kinetochores do not emit the signal. Using micromanipulations and live imaging of the first polar body extrusion, as well as the dynamics of cyclin B1 degradation, here we show that in mouse oocytes a single bivalent keeps the SAC active. This is the first direct evaluation of SAC efficiency in mouse oocytes, which provides strong evidence that the robustness of SAC in mammalian oocytes is comparable to other cell types. Our data do not contradict the hypothesis of the critical mass of chromosomes necessary for SAC activation, but suggest that the same rule may govern SAC activity also in other cell types. We postulate that the innate susceptibility of oocytes to errors in chromosome segregation during the first meiotic division may not be caused by lower efficiency of SAC itself, but could be linked to high critical chromosome mass necessary to keep SAC active in oocyte of large size.
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PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2011, 6 (11), pp.e27143. 〈10.1371/journal.pone.0027143〉
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Steffen Hoffmann, Bernard Maro, Jacek Kubiak, Zbigniew Polanski. A Single Bivalent Efficiently Inhibits Cyclin B1 Degradation and Polar Body Extrusion in Mouse Oocytes Indicating Robust SAC during Female Meiosis I.. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2011, 6 (11), pp.e27143. 〈10.1371/journal.pone.0027143〉. 〈inserm-00631737〉

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