[Mercury poisoning].

Abstract : Mercury is a widespread heavy metal with potential severe impacts on human health. Exposure conditions to mercury and profile of toxicity among humans depend on the chemical forms of the mercury: elemental or metallic mercury, inorganic or organic mercury compounds. This article aims to reviewing and synthesizing the main knowledge of the mercury toxicity and its organic compounds that clinicians should know. Acute inhalation of metallic or inorganic mercury vapours mainly induces pulmonary diseases, whereas chronic inhalation rather induces neurological or renal disorders (encephalopathy and interstitial or glomerular nephritis). Methylmercury poisonings from intoxicated food occurred among some populations resulting in neurological disorders and developmental troubles for children exposed in utero. Treatment using chelating agents is recommended in case of symptomatic acute mercury intoxication; sometimes it improves the clinical effects of chronic mercury poisoning. Although it is currently rare to encounter situations of severe intoxication, efforts remain necessary to decrease the mercury concentration in the environment and to reduce risk on human health due to low level exposure (dental amalgam, fish contamination by organic mercury compounds...). In case of occupational exposure to mercury and its compounds, some disorders could be compensated in France. Clinicians should work with toxicologists for the diagnosis and treatment of mercury intoxication.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
La Revue De Médecine Interne, Elsevier, 2011, 32 (7), pp.416-24. 〈10.1016/j.revmed.2009.08.024〉
Liste complète des métadonnées

Littérature citée [70 références]  Voir  Masquer  Télécharger

http://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00616716
Contributeur : Georges Guellaen <>
Soumis le : mercredi 24 août 2011 - 09:26:39
Dernière modification le : vendredi 1 juin 2018 - 14:02:05
Document(s) archivé(s) le : vendredi 25 novembre 2011 - 12:15:23

Fichiers

Bensefa_RMI_2011_VF.pdf
Fichiers produits par l'(les) auteur(s)

Identifiants

Collections

Citation

Lynda Bensefa-Colas, Pascal Andujar, Alexis Descatha. [Mercury poisoning].. La Revue De Médecine Interne, Elsevier, 2011, 32 (7), pp.416-24. 〈10.1016/j.revmed.2009.08.024〉. 〈inserm-00616716〉

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

613

Téléchargements de fichiers

13715