Impact of diabetes on work cessation: data from the GAZEL cohort study.: Impact of diabetes on work cessation

Abstract : OBJECTIVE: To measure the impact of diabetes on work cessation, i.e., on the risks of work disability, early retirement, and death while in the labor force. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We used data from the GAZEL prospective cohort of 20,625 employees of the French national gas and electricity company "EDF-GDF." We identified 506 employees with diabetes and randomly selected 2,530 nondiabetic employed control subjects matched for major sociodemographic and occupational characteristics. Using a multistate Cox model, we estimated hazard ratios (HRs) comparing the risks of transition from employment to disability, retirement, and death over time between participants with versus without diabetes. RESULTS: Employment rate decreased more rapidly in participants with diabetes (51.9 and 10.1% at 55 and 60 years, respectively) compared with nondiabetic participants (66.5 and 13.4%, respectively). Participants with diabetes had significantly increased risks of transition from employment to disability (HR 1.7 [95% CI 1.0-2.9]), retirement (HR 1.6 [1.5-1.8]), and death (HR 7.3 [3.6-14.6]) compared with participants without diabetes. Between 35 and 60 years, each participant with diabetes lost an estimated mean time of 1.1 year in the workforce (95% CI 0.99-1.14) compared with a nondiabetic participant. CONCLUSIONS: Our results provide evidence for a profound negative impact of diabetes on workforce participation in France. Social and economic consequences are major for patients, employers, and society-a burden that is likely to increase as diabetes becomes more and more common in the working-aged population.
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Diabetes Care, American Diabetes Association, 2011, 34 (6), pp.1344-9. 〈10.2337/dc10-2225〉
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Eléonore Herquelot, Alice Guéguen, Sébastien Bonenfant, Rosemary Dray-Spira. Impact of diabetes on work cessation: data from the GAZEL cohort study.: Impact of diabetes on work cessation. Diabetes Care, American Diabetes Association, 2011, 34 (6), pp.1344-9. 〈10.2337/dc10-2225〉. 〈inserm-00593506〉

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