The International Collaboration on Air Pollution and Pregnancy Outcomes: initial results.: Air Pollution and Low Birth Weight

Jennifer Parker 1, * David Rich 2 Svetlana Glinianaia 3 Jong Han Leem 4 Daniel Wartenberg 5 Michelle Bell 6 Matteo Bonzini 7 Michael Brauer 8 Lyndsey Darrow 9 Ulrike Gehring 10 Nelson Gouveia 11 Paolo Grillo 12 Eunhee Ha 13 Edith Van den Hooven 14, 15 Bin Jalaludin 16, 17 Bill Jesdale 18 Johanna Lepeule 19 Rachel Morello-Frosch 18, 20 Geoffrey Morgan 16, 21 Rémy Slama 22 Frank Pierik 15 Angela Cecilia Pesatori 23 Sheela Sathyanarayana 24 Juhee Seo 13 Matthew Strickland 9 Lillian Tamburic 25 Tracey Woodruff 26
Abstract : BACKGROUND: The findings of prior studies of air pollution effects on adverse birth outcomes are difficult to synthesize because of differences in study design. OBJECTIVES: The International Collaboration on Air Pollution and Pregnancy Outcomes was formed to understand how differences in research methods contribute to variations in findings. We initiated a feasibility study to a) assess the ability of geographically diverse research groups to analyze their data sets using a common protocol and b) perform location-specific analyses of air pollution effects on birth weight using a standardized statistical approach. METHODS: Fourteen research groups from nine countries participated. We developed a protocol to estimate odds ratios (ORs) for the association between particulate matter ≤ 10 μm in aerodynamic diameter (PM₁₀) and low birth weight (LBW) among term births, adjusted first for socioeconomic status (SES) and second for additional location-specific variables. RESULTS: Among locations with data for the PM₁₀ analysis, ORs estimating the relative risk of term LBW associated with a 10-μg/m³ increase in average PM₁₀ concentration during pregnancy, adjusted for SES, ranged from 0.63 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.30-1.35] for the Netherlands to 1.15 (95% CI, 0.61-2.18) for Vancouver, with six research groups reporting statistically significant adverse associations. We found evidence of statistically significant heterogeneity in estimated effects among locations. CONCLUSIONS: Variability in PM₁₀-LBW relationships among study locations remained despite use of a common statistical approach. A more detailed meta-analysis and use of more complex protocols for future analysis may uncover reasons for heterogeneity across locations. However, our findings confirm the potential for a diverse group of researchers to analyze their data in a standardized way to improve understanding of air pollution effects on birth outcomes.
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Environmental Health Perspectives, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, 2011, 119 (7), pp.1023-8. 〈10.1289/ehp.1002725〉
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Jennifer Parker, David Rich, Svetlana Glinianaia, Jong Han Leem, Daniel Wartenberg, et al.. The International Collaboration on Air Pollution and Pregnancy Outcomes: initial results.: Air Pollution and Low Birth Weight. Environmental Health Perspectives, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, 2011, 119 (7), pp.1023-8. 〈10.1289/ehp.1002725〉. 〈inserm-00565831〉

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