Maternal oxytocin triggers a transient inhibitory switch in GABA signaling in the fetal brain during delivery.

Abstract : We report a signaling mechanism in rats between mother and fetus aimed at preparing fetal neurons for delivery. In immature neurons, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the primary excitatory neurotransmitter. We found that, shortly before delivery, there is a transient reduction in the intracellular chloride concentration and an excitatory-to-inhibitory switch of GABA actions. These events were triggered by oxytocin, an essential maternal hormone for labor. In vivo administration of an oxytocin receptor antagonist before delivery prevented the switch of GABA actions in fetal neurons and aggravated the severity of anoxic episodes. Thus, maternal oxytocin inhibits fetal neurons and increases their resistance to insults during delivery.
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Science, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2006, 314 (5806), pp.1788-92. 〈10.1126/science.1133212〉
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Roman Tyzio, Rosa Cossart, Ilgam Khalilov, Marat Minlebaev, Christian Hübner, et al.. Maternal oxytocin triggers a transient inhibitory switch in GABA signaling in the fetal brain during delivery.. Science, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2006, 314 (5806), pp.1788-92. 〈10.1126/science.1133212〉. 〈inserm-00483930〉

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