Hypoxic stimulus alters hypothalamic AMP-activated protein kinase phosphorylation concomitant to hypophagia.

Abstract : Acute exposure to hypobaric hypoxia is known to decrease food intake, but the molecular mechanisms of such alteration in feeding behavior remain unknown. We tested the hypothesis that hypothalamic AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) phosphorylation is affected by acute exposure to hypobaric hypoxia and thus would be involved in initial anorexia. To address this issue, male rats weighing 255-270 g were either submitted to hypobaric hypoxia (H, equivalent altitude of 5,500 m), maintained under local barometric pressure conditions (N), or pair-fed an equivalent quantity of food to that consumed by H rats (PF), for 6, 24, or 48 h. Daily food intake dropped by 73% during the first day of hypoxia (P<0.01) and remained by 46% lower than in N rats thereafter (P<0.01). Hypoxia per se, as estimated by comparing experimental data between the H and PF groups, increased ob gene transcription and plasma leptin concentration. A transient increase in glucose availability occurred in the H group compared with PF animals (P<0.05). The hypoxic stimulus led to an early and transient decrease in hypothalamic AMPK and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) phosphorylation, concomitant with hypophagia and associated alterations in nutrients and hormones. An increase in NPY mRNA levels occurred from day 1, similarly in H and PF rats, and thus mainly related to food restriction alone (P<0.05). In conclusion, the present study demonstrates that hypoxia per se inhibited AMPK and ACC phosphorylation in the hypothalamus, concomitant with profound anorexia. A powerful counterregulation occurs rapidly, mediated by NPY and devoted to avoid prolonged anorexia.
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Journal of Applied Physiology, American Physiological Society, 2007, 102 (6), pp.2135-41. 〈10.1152/japplphysiol.01150.2006〉
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N. Simler, A. Malgoyre, Nathalie Koulmann, Antonia Alonso, André Peinnequin, et al.. Hypoxic stimulus alters hypothalamic AMP-activated protein kinase phosphorylation concomitant to hypophagia.. Journal of Applied Physiology, American Physiological Society, 2007, 102 (6), pp.2135-41. 〈10.1152/japplphysiol.01150.2006〉. 〈inserm-00415619〉

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