Expression and subcellular localization of a 35-kDa carbonic anhydrase IV in a human pancreatic ductal cell line (Capan-1).

Abstract : The high intraluminal concentrations of HCO(3)(-) in the human pancreatic ducts have suggested the existence of a membrane protein supplying the Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchanger. Membrane-bound carbonic anhydrase IV (CA IV) is one of the potential candidates for this protein. The difficulties in isolating human pancreatic ducts have led the authors to study the molecular mechanisms of HCO(3)(-) secretion in cancerous cell lines. In this work, we have characterized the CA IV expressed in Capan-1 cells. A 35-kDa CA IV was detected in cell homogenates and purified plasma membranes. Treatment of purified plasma membranes with phosphatidylinositol-phospholipase-C indicated that this CA IV was not anchored by a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI). In contrast, its detection on purified plasma membranes by an antibody specifically directed against the carboxyl terminus of human immature GPI-anchored CA IV indicated that it was anchored by a C-terminal hydrophobic segment. Immunoelectron microscopy and double-labeling immunofluorescence revealed that this CA IV was present on apical plasma membranes, and in the rough endoplasmic reticulum, the endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment, the Golgi complex, and secretory granules, suggesting its transport via the classical biosynthesis/secretory pathway. The expression in Capan-1 cells of a 35-kDa CA IV anchored in the apical plasma membrane through a hydrophobic segment, as is the case in the healthy human pancreas, should make the study of its role in pancreatic HCO(3)(-) secretion easier.
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Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry / Journal of Histochemistry & Cytochemistry, 2007, 55 (8), pp.783-94. 〈10.1369/jhc.6A7112.2007〉
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Soumis le : mardi 11 août 2009 - 09:14:54
Dernière modification le : lundi 24 août 2009 - 16:16:25

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Marjorie Fanjul, Laetitia Alvarez, Etienne Hollande. Expression and subcellular localization of a 35-kDa carbonic anhydrase IV in a human pancreatic ductal cell line (Capan-1).. Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry / Journal of Histochemistry & Cytochemistry, 2007, 55 (8), pp.783-94. 〈10.1369/jhc.6A7112.2007〉. 〈inserm-00409608〉

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