Localization of calcium and microfilament changes in mechanically stressed cells.

Abstract : We combined fluorescence labeling, digital image processing, and micromanipulation to investigate the intracellular events induced by inflicting a mechanical stress on rat basophilic leukemia cells. Our findings were as follows: 1. Most cells displayed a localized calcium rise in response to micropipet aspiration. This represented an average threefold increase as compared to resting level, and it was observed during the first 10 s following aspiration. A slow return to initial level occurred within about 3 min. Further, this calcium rise involved a mobilization of intracellular stores, since it was not prevented by adding a calcium chelator into the extracellular medium. 2. All micropipet-aspirated cells displayed a local accumulation of microfilaments, with a preferential localization in the cell protrusions or near the pipet tips. 3. No absolute correlation was found between the localization of calcium rise and cytoskeletal accumulation. 4. Cell deformability was decreased when intracellular calcium was maintained at a constant (high or low) level with ionomycin and/or EGTA. It is concluded that cells have a general ability to respond to mechanical stimulation by a coordinated set of events. More parameters must be studied before the mechanisms of cell shape regulation are fully understood.
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Cell biophysics, Humana Press, 1990, 17 (3), pp.243-56
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Marianne Horoyan, Anne-Marie Benoliel, Christian Capo, Pierre Bongrand. Localization of calcium and microfilament changes in mechanically stressed cells.. Cell biophysics, Humana Press, 1990, 17 (3), pp.243-56. 〈inserm-00401740〉

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