Hyperosmolar treatment of soman-induced brain lesions in mice: evaluation of the effects through diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging and through histology.

Abstract : PURPOSE: A convulsive dose of soman induces seizure-related brain damage (SRBD), including cerebral edema (CE) and neuronal loss. In the present study on soman-intoxicated mice, we applied diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) and quantitative histology, and we measured brain water content to investigate the antiedematous and neuroprotective efficacies of two hyperosmolar treatments: mannitol (Mann) and hypertonic saline (HTS). METHODS: Mice intoxicated with soman (172 microg/kg after a protective pretreatment) were administered 1 min and 5-h post-challenge an i.v. bolus of saline, of Mann or of HTS. 1 day later, mice were examined with DW-MRI and then sacrificed for brain histology. Additional animals were intoxicated and treated similarly for the measurement of the brain water content (dry/wet weight method). RESULTS: In intoxicated controls, a significant decrease of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), numerous damaged (eosinophilic) cells, high edema scores, and a significant increase in brain water content were detected 24-h post-challenge in sensitive brain structures. These soman-induced changes were not significantly modified by treatment with Mann or HTS. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with hyperosmolar solutions did not reduce the effects of soman on ADC, on cell damage and on CE. Therefore, despite similar treatment protocols, the prominent protection by Mann that was previously demonstrated by others in poisoned rats, was not reproduced in our murine model.
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Toxicology, Elsevier, 2008, 253 (1-3), pp.97-103. 〈10.1016/j.tox.2008.08.016〉
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http://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00398793
Contributeur : Michel Dojat <>
Soumis le : mercredi 24 juin 2009 - 18:56:35
Dernière modification le : jeudi 1 février 2018 - 01:11:50

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Pierre Carpentier, Guy Testylier, Frédéric Dorandeu, Christoph Segebarth, Olivier Montigon, et al.. Hyperosmolar treatment of soman-induced brain lesions in mice: evaluation of the effects through diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging and through histology.. Toxicology, Elsevier, 2008, 253 (1-3), pp.97-103. 〈10.1016/j.tox.2008.08.016〉. 〈inserm-00398793〉

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