Divergent enzyme kinetics and structural properties of the two human mitochondrial creatine kinase isoenzymes.

Abstract : The mitochondrial isoenzymes of creatine kinase (MtCK), ubiquitous uMtCK and sarcomeric sMtCK, are key enzymes of oxidative cellular energy metabolism and play an important role in human health and disease. Very little is known about uMtCK in general, or about sMtCK of human origin. Here we have heterologously expressed and purified both human MtCK isoenzymes to perform a biochemical, kinetic and structural characterization. Both isoenzymes occurred as octamers, which can dissociate into dimers. Distinct Stokes' radii of uMtCK and sMtCK in solution were indicative for conformational differences between these equally sized proteins. Both human MtCKs formed 2D-crystals on cardiolipin layers, which revealed further subtle differences in octamer structure and stability. Octameric human sMtCK displayed p4 symmetry with lattice parameters of 145 A, indicating a 'flattening' of the octamer on the phospholipid layer. pH optima and enzyme kinetic constants of the two human isoenzymes were significantly different. A pronounced substrate binding synergism (Kd > Km) was observed for all substrates, but was most pronounced in the forward reaction (PCr production) of uMtCK and led to a significantly lower Km for creatine (1.01 mM) and ATP (0.11 mM) as compared to sMtCK (creatine, 7.31 mM; ATP, 0.68 mM).
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Biological Chemistry, De Gruyter, 2000, 381 (11), pp.1063-70. 〈10.1515/BC.2000.131〉
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Soumis le : mardi 2 juin 2009 - 18:28:10
Dernière modification le : jeudi 18 juin 2009 - 17:10:39

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Uwe Schlattner, Michael Eder, Max Dolder, Z. A. Khuchua, A. W. Strauss, et al.. Divergent enzyme kinetics and structural properties of the two human mitochondrial creatine kinase isoenzymes.. Biological Chemistry, De Gruyter, 2000, 381 (11), pp.1063-70. 〈10.1515/BC.2000.131〉. 〈inserm-00390831〉

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