Hypocapnia does not alter hepatic blood flow or oxygen consumption in patients with head injury.

Abstract : OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of hypocapnia on the systemic and hepatic circulations and oxygenation values in patients with head injury. DESIGN: Open-label, prospective study. SETTING: University hospital, department of anesthesiology and intensive care unit. PATIENTS: Eleven mechanically ventilated patients with isolated head trauma and stable hemodynamic status. INTERVENTIONS: At the beginning of the study, each patient presented with normocapnic ventilation. Mechanical hyperventilation was then adjusted to obtain stable hypocapnia over an interval of 24 hrs. Cardiac output and other systemic hemodynamic parameters were measured, using a pulmonary artery catheter. Hepatic parameters were measured via a catheter inserted into the hepatic vein. Total hepatic blood flow was determined by the Fick principle using a continuous infusion of indocyanine green. Arterial and hepatic venous blood gases were sampled to determine systemic and hepatic-splanchnic oxygenation. Measurements were done at the end of the four phases: a) 30 mins of normocapnia (N); b) 30 mins of hypocapnia (H0); c) 3 hrs of hypocapnia (H3); and d) 24 hrs of hypocapnia (H24). Intracranial pressure and cerebral perfusion pressure were hourly monitored throughout the study. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: There were no significant changes in systemic hemodynamic parameters. The hepatic blood flow index did not differ from normocapnia (N 1.8 +/- 0.4 L/min/m2) to hypocapnia (H0 1.6 +/- 0.3 L/min/m2; H3 1.7 +/- 0.4 L/min/m2; H24 1.7 +/- 0.4 L/min/m2). The ratio of hepatic blood flow index to cardiac index remained stable throughout the study. Hypocapnia did not affect hepatic-splanchnic oxygen delivery and consumption. CONCLUSIONS: Hypocapnic hyperventilation does not alter hepatic hemodynamic parameters in patients with head injury. This result may be related to the lack of changes in cardiac output or in the hepatic vasoreactivity. Moreover, hypocapnia does not modify hepatic-splanchnic oxygenation. Thus, in case of intracranial hypertension, hypocapnia might be used without undesirable effect on the hepatic-splanchnic perfusion.
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Article dans une revue
Critical Care Medicine, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 1998, 26 (10), pp.1725-30
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Soumis le : lundi 8 juin 2009 - 14:56:09
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 janvier 2018 - 16:57:44

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  • HAL Id : inserm-00390175, version 1
  • PUBMED : 9781731

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Carole Ichai, Jacques Levraut, Isabelle Baruch, Corinne Samat-Long, Xavier Leverve, et al.. Hypocapnia does not alter hepatic blood flow or oxygen consumption in patients with head injury.. Critical Care Medicine, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 1998, 26 (10), pp.1725-30. 〈inserm-00390175〉

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