HMR1402, a potassium ATP channel blocker during hyperdynamic porcine endotoxemia: effects on hepato-splanchnic oxygen exchange and metabolism.

Abstract : OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of the potassium ATP (KATP) channel blocker HMR1402 (HMR) on systemic and hepato-splanchnic hemodynamics, oxygen exchange and metabolism during hyperdynamic porcine endotoxemia. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled study with repeated measures. SETTING. Animal laboratory. SUBJECTS: Eighteen pigs allocated to receive endotoxin alone (control group, CON, n=10) or endotoxin and HMR (6 mg/kg h(-1), n=8). INTERVENTIONS: Anesthetized, mechanically ventilated, and instrumented pigs receiving continuous i.v. endotoxin were resuscitated with hetastarch to maintain mean arterial pressure (MAP) >60 mmHg. Twelve hours after starting the endotoxin infusion, they received HMR or its vehicle for another 12 h. RESULTS: HMR transiently increased MAP by about 15 mmHg, but this effect was only present during the first 1 h of infusion. The HMR decreased cardiac output due to a fall in heart rate, and thereby reduced liver blood flow. While liver O(2) delivery and uptake remained unchanged, HMR induced hyperlactatemia [from 1.5 (1.1; 2.0), 1.4 (1.2; 1.8), and 1.2 (0.8; 2.0) to 3.1 (1.4; 3.2), 3.2 (1.6; 6.5), and 3.0 (1.0; 5.5) mmol/l in the arterial, portal and hepatic venous samples, respectively] and further increased arterial [from 8 (3; 13) to 23 (11; 57); p<0.05], portal [from 9 (4; 14) to 23 (14; 39); p<0.05] and hepatic vein [from 7 (0; 15) to 30 (8; 174), p<0.05] lactate/pyruvate ratios indicating impaired cytosolic redox state. CONCLUSION: The short-term beneficial hemodynamic effects of KATP channel blockers have to be weighted with the detrimental effect on mitochondrial respiration.
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Intensive Care Medicine, Springer Verlag, 2004, 30 (5), pp.957-64. 〈10.1007/s00134-004-2258-9〉
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Soumis le : mercredi 27 mai 2009 - 19:25:06
Dernière modification le : jeudi 28 mai 2009 - 13:42:12

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Pierre Asfar, Zsolt Iványi, Hendrik Bracht, Balázs Hauser, Antje Pittner, et al.. HMR1402, a potassium ATP channel blocker during hyperdynamic porcine endotoxemia: effects on hepato-splanchnic oxygen exchange and metabolism.. Intensive Care Medicine, Springer Verlag, 2004, 30 (5), pp.957-64. 〈10.1007/s00134-004-2258-9〉. 〈inserm-00388992〉

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