p21-Activated kinase mediates rapid estradiol-negative feedback actions in the reproductive axis.

Abstract : Nonclassical estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) signaling can mediate E(2) negative feedback actions in the reproductive axis; however, downstream pathways conveying these effects remain unclear. These studies tested the hypothesis that p21-activated kinase 1 (PAK1), a serine/threonine kinase rapidly activated by E(2) in nonneural cells, functions as a downstream node for E(2) signaling pathways in cells of the preoptic area, and it may thereby mediate E(2) negative feedback effects. Treatment of ovariectomized (OVX) rats with estradiol benzoate (EB) caused rapid and transient induction of phosphorylated PAK1 immunoreactivity in the medial preoptic nucleus (MPN) but not the arcuate nucleus. To determine whether rapid induction of PAK phosphorylation by E(2) is mediated by nonclassical [estrogen response element (ERE)-independent] ERalpha signaling, we used female ERalpha null (ERalpha(-/-)) mice possessing an ER knock-in mutation (E207A/G208A; AA), in which the mutant ERalpha is incapable of binding DNA and can signal only through membrane-initiated or ERE-independent genotropic pathways (ERalpha(-/AA) mice). After 1-h EB treatment, the number of pPAK1-immunoreactive cells in the MPN was increased in both wild-type (ERalpha(+/+)) and ERalpha(-/AA) mice but was unchanged in ERalpha(-/-) mice. Serum luteinizing hormone (LH) was likewise suppressed within 1 h after EB treatment in ERalpha(+/+) and ERalpha(-/AA) but not ERalpha(-/ -) mice. In OVX rats, 5-min intracerebroventricular infusion of a PAK inhibitor peptide but not control peptide blocked rapid EB suppression of LH secretion. Taken together, our findings implicate PAK1 activation subsequent to nonclassical ERalpha signaling as an important component of the negative feedback actions of E(2) in the brain.
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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America , National Academy of Sciences, 2009, 106 (17), pp.7221-6. 〈10.1073/pnas.0812597106〉
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Zhen Zhao, Cheryl Park, Melissa Mcdevitt, Christine Glidewell-Kenney, Pierre Chambon, et al.. p21-Activated kinase mediates rapid estradiol-negative feedback actions in the reproductive axis.. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America , National Academy of Sciences, 2009, 106 (17), pp.7221-6. 〈10.1073/pnas.0812597106〉. 〈inserm-00384550〉

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