Interaction between Polo and BicD proteins links oocyte determination and meiosis control in Drosophila.: oocyte fate and meiosis control

Abstract : Meiosis is a specialized cell cycle limited to the gametes in Metazoa. In Drosophila, oocyte determination and meiosis control are interdependent processes, and BicD appears to play a key role in both. However, the exact mechanism of how BicD-dependent polarized transport could influence meiosis and vice versa remains an open question. In this article, we report that the cell cycle regulatory kinase Polo binds to BicD protein during oogenesis. Polo is expressed in all cells during cyst formation before specifically localizing to the oocyte. This is the earliest known example of asymmetric localization of a cell-cycle regulator in this process. This localization is dependent on BicD and the Dynein complex. Loss- and gain-of-function experiments showed that Polo has two independent functions. On the one hand, it acts as a trigger for meiosis. On the other hand, it is independently required, in a cell-autonomous manner, for the activation of BicD-dependent transport. Moreover, we show that Polo overexpression can rescue a hypomorphic mutation of BicD by restoring its localization and its function, suggesting that the requirement for Polo in polarized transport acts through regulation of BicD. Taken together, our data indicate the existence of a positive feedback loop between BicD and Polo, and we propose that this loop represents a functional link between oocyte specification and the control of meiosis.
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Development (Cambridge, England), Company of Biologists, 2006, 133 (20), pp.4005-13. 〈10.1242/dev.02565〉
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Vincent Mirouse, Etienne Formstecher, Jean-Louis Couderc. Interaction between Polo and BicD proteins links oocyte determination and meiosis control in Drosophila.: oocyte fate and meiosis control. Development (Cambridge, England), Company of Biologists, 2006, 133 (20), pp.4005-13. 〈10.1242/dev.02565〉. 〈inserm-00135089〉

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